Chernihiv region is located in northern Ukraine, and bordered to the west by the Kyiv region, in the north to the Gomel region of White Russia and the Bryansk region of the Russian Federation, in the east to Sumy region and in the south to Poltava region – both in Ukraine.
The population og the region consists of: Ukrainians – 93.5 %, Russians – 5 %, Belarusians – 0.6 %, other – 0.9 %. Chernihiv region is inhabited by over a million people, 64.35 % – villagers, 35.65 % – rural population.
In Chernihiv region area whose land area is 31,911 square kilometers, flows 1,200 rivers, of which the largest are Dnieper, Desna, Sejmen, Oster, Snov, Ubed and Udai.
The administrative center in Chernihiv region is the city of Chernihiv.
The economy of the region
Industry. Chernihiv, Nizhyn, Pryłuki and Bakhach - the main industrial centers in Chernihiv region.
Mechanical engineering, chemicals, wood processing, food and light industry – the leading sectors of the economy.
Far to the west, and in some places in the north of Chernihiv region, are forests (20 % of the territory of Ukraine). Through the region runs the Dnieper-Donetsk oil and gas sector.
Chernihivshyna (Chernihiv region) provides more than 80 % of the national share of woolen fabrics and wallpaper, 30 % of chemical fibers and yarns, 20 % of oil production.
The region produces, as the only one in Ukraine, fire engines, cord fabric for tire production, protein film for the food industry, some types of equipment for the agriculture.
Companies and organizations in the region supplies products to more than 60 countries.
Natural resources. Chernihivshyna is rich in minerals. Of national importance are deposits of glass sands and oil of high quality.
Large industrial importance are deposits of calcium in Novgorod Siverskyi area and raw material for bricks in the entire territory of the region.
Chernihivshyna got the only field in Ukraine with the occurrence of Bishofit, which is unique in scope and medicinal qualities.
Peat covers an area of over 200,000 hectares.
Nearly 160 km along the right bank of the Desna extends deposits of chalk.
In various places phosphates, lime, kaolin, marl, rock salt and so on are extracted.
Agriculture. Agribusiness is represented in the northern and western region with meat- and dairy cattle, cereals, potatoes and flax; in the south and center of meat and dairy products, cattle breeding, pig breeding, cereals and sugar beet.
Within agricultural production is Chernihiv region known as one of the largest suppliers of potatoes, sugar, cereals, products from animal husbandry, as well as honey, fruit, flax and the famous Nizhyn cucumbers.
The region's agriculture covers almost completely, except oil and fish products, the population's needs for food, and have significant export potential.
Chernihivshyna has considerable tourist potential. In the region there are 610 natural protected areas. In Chernihiv region there are two national parks and a regional landscape park.
The region is inhabited by animals and birds listed in the Ukrainian Red Book: bison, great jerboa; big and small bats, steppe polecat; steppe crane, owl and others.
The region also has a historic legacy that can be seen in architecture.
The region's territorial structure
Chernihiv region includes 1,530 inhabited places.
The region is divided into 22 areas, which have a high potential in industry, agriculture and tourism.
Cities of regional importance: Chernihiv, Nizhyn, Pryłuki, Novgorod Siverskyi.
Chernihiv region's history
After a series of administrative reforms the Chernihiv region was formed October 15th 1932, as part of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic. Since 1991 the Chernihiv region has been part of Ukraine.
Translation by Joergen Deleuran