According to the Law of Ukraine, in cases where a public holiday falls on the weekend (Saturday or Sunday), the weekend is extended by one day.
Red marks the official holidays wich are days off.
Brown marks the official holidays which are working days.
Green marks the celebrations, which change date.
• Gnat Hotkevich, pseudonym Gnat Galayda, was born (1877/12/31 – 1938/10/08) – Ukrainian musician, author, historian, composer, art historian, ethnographer, teacher, theater and socio-political figure.
• Mikhail Semenko was born (1892/12/31 – 1937/10/23) – Ukrainian poet, founder and theorist of Ukrainian futurism.
• The Ukrainian educational community was founded in Prague (1930).
• The world's largest blast furnace, located in Krivyi Rig, gave the first cast iron (1974).